smoking hazards

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Tuesday, 21 May 2019

smoking hazards

Smoking


Smoking:

Smoking in all its forms, such as cigarettes, is a harmful practice to health and the environment. It causes many diseases for smokers and those around them, pollutes the environment, harms the individual's budget, raises health care costs, and impedes economic development. WHO studies indicate that smoking causes about 6 million deaths per year, more than 83% of which are caused by direct smoking, while more than 16% of deaths are caused by secondhand smoke.
Many communities need to raise awareness of the dangers of smoking, intensify programs to help smokers quit smoking, and studies show that few people are aware of health risks from tobacco use. A 2009 study in China found that only 38% Smokers know that smoking causes coronary heart disease, and only 27% know it causes stroke. On the other hand, only 15% of the world's population has comprehensive national cessation services with full or partial coverage costs .

Smoking:


- Voluntary smoking, ie, intentionally and directly from the smoker for a type of smoke.

- Non-voluntary or involuntary smoking, which is the exposure of the non-smoker to the damage of smoking and smoking through inhalation of smoke produced and emitted by the smoking of someone close to him, or in the vicinity of the place where he lives.


smoking hazards :

-The extent of the damage caused by smoking can be deduced by knowing the number of deaths caused by smoking annually. It also causes many diseases and its effects on the body are many, including:
Disrupts the distribution of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body and increases the risk of peripheral vascular disease.

-Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, small birth defects and congenital malformations, and increases the risk of neonatal death, as well as increased risk of high blood pressure and diabetes.

-Impede blood flow to the penis, which reduces erectile function and increases the risk of infertility.

-Increases the risk of osteoporosis in women, because smoking makes women more susceptible to early menopause, thinness, both risk factors for osteoporosis

-Causes bad breath, discoloration of teeth, yellowing of nails, and wrinkling of the skin.

-Increases the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration, both of which are major causes of blindness in the elderly.

-Increases the risk of stomach ulcers.

- Causing a genetic mutation in different organs of the body. According to a study published in the journal Science, smoking a pack of cigarettes a day causes 6 mutations in each cell of the liver and 18 in each cell. (39) mutation in each cell of the pharynx, and (97) mutation in each cell in the larynx each year, which explains the high risk of smokers with (17) different species Of cancer, including lung cancer, mouth, esophagus, larynx, kidney, and bladder.

-The collagen fibers break into the skin of the face, leading to loss of skin for firmness, increased facial wrinkles, premature aging. Smoking also hampers the flow of blood to the skin cells and appears pale. A British Health Ministry report said that the smoker's face may be Ten to twenty years older than the skin of a smoker at the same age.

-Smoking and smoke exposure (passive smoking) cause damage to DNA, fats, and proteins in the body, causing high blood glucose and insulin resistance, which in turn increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. Scientific journal "PLOS One

-Increases the amount of mucus produced by the body, providing a suitable environment for the growth of bacteria and viruses, and increases the risk of bronchitis, cold, flu.

- Heartbeat increases by 10-25 beats per minute, increasing the risk of fatal heart attacks and strokes by 15%.

- Cause poor concentration, lack of activity.

-It causes many diseases for members of the digestive system, such as: peptic ulcers, gallstones, heartburn, Crohn's Disease (stomach inflammatory disease), and finally stomach cancer.


Quit Smoking:


 * Quitting smoking may be difficult but not impossible, and the following are the most important tips that may help those who wish to quit smoking to reach the goal:

- Writing a list of the reasons that led to the decision to quit smoking on paper, written goals are often more stimulating.

- Ask for help and support from those around the smoker, such as friends and family, and join the many online support groups. Set a specific date for quitting smoking, and inform friends and family of this appointment.
- Specify a specific date for quitting smoking, and inform your friends and family of this appointment.

- Get rid of all cigarettes, lighters, and smoking fumes.

- Wash all clothes to get rid of the smell of smoke stuck out.

- Break the habit, for example, if a person is used to smoking after meals can engage himself in walking, or a friend conversation.

- Replace the cigarette with sugar-free gum, mint, or popsicles, or any other alternative when feeling the desire to smoke.


Date of Smoking:


The origin of tobacco or tobacco originated in Central America, including the word "tobago", the name used by Indians for smoking. In the fifteenth century, the Columbus sailors transported tobacco to Europe, and in the 16th and 17th centuries smoking was believed to be useful In 1945, with the end of the Second World War, about half of the world's adult population became smokers. Smoking was not mentioned until 1958, when the US Department of Health warned against smoking and considered it harmful to health. Since then, studies have begun to warn of serious damage to it and public awareness campaigns have begun to take risks. Recent studies have shown that tobacco contains moreThese chemicals include nicotine, carbon monoxide, arsenic, cyanide, ammonium bromide used in the installation of toilet cleaners, and formaldehyde, which is used for embalming. The bodies.

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